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|Gateway to the Sierra Maestra, this is the city where Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, el Padre de la Patria was born. Visitors can see a copy of El Cubano Libre, the first independent periodical published by Céspedes.
Visitors will make this a must-stay town and it can be reached directly from either Las Tunas, Holguin or Santiago by car, train or bus, Gus.
Reasons to like this city : calmness, history, liberation and patriotism. Carlos Manuel de Céspedes was a native and the first to liberate the slaves from his own plantation. The deed was recognized by the Spanish crown and became known as La Demajagua. In February 1869, Bayamo's citizens preferred burning down their town than give in to the Spanish colonial army (ejército colonial español). Other local firsts : first slave revolt in 1533, first playing of the national anthem, first city hall, first revolution against the Spanish colony.
Aboard a boat named Granma, Che Guevara, Fidel and Raul Castro and 80 other compañeros landed from Mexico at the point 133 km southwest in Las Coloradas on December 2, 1956 and were promptly decimated by the army. Only 12 survivors joined by daughter of Niquero doctor Celia Sanchez hid in the Sierra Maestra mountains. They fought Batista during two years, with the help of the local campesinos and later, students and intellectuals. After the Revolucion was won on December 31, 1958, the province adopted the name of the boat. Map of Granma here.
The town is a chess players dream. Fiesta De La Cubania breaks out every week along calle Saco and as with most Cuban festivals, you can count on lots of dancing, music, and a pig roast. At this celebration, an added component exists : chess boards sit on makeshift tables lining the street.
POPULATION 226,313 (2007)
SEE.KNOW.DO (the whole enchilada)
• Primer Ayuntamiento Libre de Cuba, where Céspedes signed into law the Decree stipulating the abolition of slavery. Today site of Poder Popular Municipal (town hall).
• Museo Casa Natal de Carlos Manuel de Céspedes.
• Casa natal de Francisco Vicente Aguilera, today site of Biblioteca 1868.
• Casa natal de Donato Mármol Tamayo, today site of Casa de Cultura 20 de octubre.
• Casa natal de Esteban Tamayo Tamayo, today site of Casa de la Nacionalidad Cubana.
• Casa natal de Pedro Figueredo Cisneros (Perucho), today site of Oficina de Correo.
• Casa natal de Manuel Muñoz Cedeño, today site of Museo Provincial de Bayamo.
• Casa natal de José María Izaguirre, today site of Bodega de productos alimenticios.
• Casa natal de Diego José Baptista, Padre Batista. Today site of Registro Civil.
• Casa natal de José Joaquín Palma, today site of a private casa.
• Plaza de la Revolución de Bayamo, where was signed the Capitulación of Bayamo.
• Casa natal de Juan Clemente Zenea, today site of Unidad de Propaganda.
• Casa where lived José Manuel Capote Sosa, today site of Centro Provincial de Patrimonio.
• Casa where lived Luz Vázquez y Moreno.
• Casa where lived Tomás Estrada Palma, today site of UNEAC.
• Casa where lived Céspedes and where was born his son Amado Oscar, today site of UPEC de Granma.
• Casa where lived Céspedes, today site of Escuela Especial "Francisco Maceo Osorio"
• Plaza del Himno, where was sung for the first time Himno Nacional.
• Iglesia San Salvador de Bayamo, today site of Catedral de Bayamo.
• Alcaldía de Bayamo, where the famous fire started in 1869. Today site of Restaurante Senado.
• Ventana de Luz Vázquez, where was sung for the first time La Bayamesa.
• El Retablo de los Héroes, where is paid homage to thefighters of the Guerra de los Diez Años.
• Mausoleo de José Joaquín Palma.
• Convento de San Francisco, today site of Escuela Primaria Manuel Ascunce Doménech.
• Convento de Santo Domingo, today site of Escuela Primaria José Antonio Saco.
• Hospital San Roque, first hospital of the city, today site of Policlínico Bayamo.
• Old tower of the church Iglesia San Juan Evagelista, known for its monument and the site of the remains of Francisco Vicente Aguilera.
• Barranca La Lizana.
• Barranca La Mendoza.
• Barranca La Luz.
• Casa de la Nacionalidad Cubana,
• Museo Ñico Lopez (he introduced the Che to Fidel)
• Parque Granma,
• Plaza de la Patria, in town
Polinesio, Sagitario (Donato Marmol 107, open Noon to Midnight Tel. 42-24-49)
La Sevillana (new always full, hyper aircon, best peso cubano place in Oriente ?) even with a bit of snobery, La Bodega (Plaza del Himno, supere terrace), La Casona (in pesos cubanos, crowded), Restauran Vegetariano on Gral Garcia, La Presa on Amado Estévez (lobster and shrimp for a handful of pesos), Bayamesa (low-budget), Dona Nelly (pizza, spaghetti), Hotel Royalton (best terrace in the province), 1513, El Manegua, La Bodega, La Casona El Renacer on Gral Garcia, El Senado on C. Figueredo, El Victoria on Gral Garcia, España on Paseo Bayamez, El Manegua on Figueredo.
Internet service daily 8h30-19h30 at the Telepunto (General García No. 109 e/ Saco y Figueredo) Railway station 42-49-55 ; Havanautos 42-26-75 ; Cubana 42-45-01, 42-39-16 ; Cubataxi 42-43-13 ; , Radio Bayamo CMKX 1150 AM. Should all casas be full, Hotel Royalton on the main square is your best bet for reasonable accomodations with nice terrace and restaurant. (23) 42-22-24
Cabaret Bayamo, Cabaret ARTEX, Casa Atocha, Casa de la Trova (Maceo 111), Ciné Cespedes, Discoteca Bayamesa, UNEAC, La Bodega (Plaza del Himno); on Saturday nights : Sabado de la Cubana in the town's main park
Bus Astro Holguin (1xday 5cuc), La Habana (1xday, 12 hrs, 30), Santiago (2xday 5) • Bus Viazul La Habana (2xweek 44), Santiago (2xweek 7) • Trains (42-49-55) - Camaguey (Daily) 7, La Habana (1 day/2 26), Manzanillo (every 2nd day 2), Santiago (1xday/2 4) • Airport 42-36-95
|HEED THE HINTS IN THIS FINE PRINT
::: Make sure that in your first email or phone call you specify that you want to book a room in that particular casa and that you will reconfirm your booking on arrival in Cuba. Unless you only want a room in any house which may be of the same quality, not the specific casa you booked through photos on these websites ::: So as to not abandon expecting owners with empty rooms, reconfirm (or call ahead to cancel) your booking by phone as soon as you can after arriving in Cuba ::: Please write or phone a casa owner to cancel a booking. As late as it may seem, it allows them a chance to rebook. ::: Children under the age of 16 may share a bedroom with adults for free. Specify the child's age when booking. ::: Since October 2010, maximum bedroom capacity is not limited to two adults ::: Also, large casas are not limited to renting only two bedrooms per night. ::: At the end of the casa name, the V signals the casa was suggested by travelers or owners but not verified by the website staff. If you try it and like it, write us about it. ::: Unless otherwise mentioned, the average room rates and service prices are : 20-25cuc per bedroom per night [up to 40+ for 4 in a room]; breakfasts 3-5cuc, dinners 7-10cuc. ::: Any casa particular anywhere in Cuba must have a hot water shower, otherwise it cannot have a permit to rent. ::: Please share your Complaints, comments & suggestions webmaster [@]cubacasas.net
||BOOK BY PHONE
• From Canada and the USA : 011 53 (add phone # preceded by 23 for Bayamo) • From Europe, Great Britain, Scandinavia and Mexico : 00 53 (add phone # preceded by 23 for Bayamo) ••• HOW TO DIAL A CUBAN PHONE NUMBER HERE ••• CELL PHONE NUMBERS on our town lists and casa pages are preceded by 0 for calls originating Havana; from anywhere else in Cuba, dial 01 + the 8 digits of the cell.
BOOK BY EMAIL
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|Locate some casas on the town map here. Converse or write with some inspiration from our Spanish vocabulary here.|
|ANA MARTI VÁZQUEZ
Two aircon bedrooms, ensuite bathrooms
Cespedes 4, entre Canducha y Plaza del Himno, steps from Parque Cespédes or Independencia. Tel. (23) 42-53-23
|VILLA ALINA V
Two aircon bedrooms, ensuite bathrooms
Francisco Vicente Aguilera 240, entre Mártires y ave. Milanes, 5 mins. walk to centro. Tel. (23) 42-48-61
|RECOMMENDED BY PAPERBACK GUIDEBOOKS
Lonely Planet (LP), National Geographic (NG), and web site Trip Advisor (TA) ::: LP : Villa La Paz, Casa Olga, Casa de la Amistad, Villa Pupi & Villa America ::: NG : Arturo y Esmeralda, Olga Celeiro Rizo ::: TA : Bretones, Villa Leon, Casa Espana Fernando y Lili, Arturo & Esmeralda, Ana Marti Vazquez, Villa Pupi & Villa America, Hostal Bayamo 10.01.18
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